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    您當前所在位置:湖南成人學歷網(自學考試、成人高考)>> 成考資訊>> 2019年成人高考復習指導:英語閱讀理解答題技巧(3)

    2019年成人高考復習指導:英語閱讀理解答題技巧(3)

    時間:2019年06月10日 來源:www.eezil.com

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    關于細節性問題(Suppporting Details)

    細節性問題是關于Supporting Details類的問題,通過Skimming找出主題后,應進一步掌握闡述和發展主題的主要事實,或按要求找出特定細節。在回答此類問題時,應采用查讀 法(Scanning),因為這些具體內容(Detai1s是用來說明、論證或分析文章中心的。這類題目常以“WH-”形式來提問,如 who,what,when,where,why及how等形式。這些問題的表達常不采用文章中的原話提問,而是使用同義詞語等,因此,在選擇答案前應首 先看準題于,看清問題所問究竟;然后,在查讀時注意尋找與題目相關的關鍵詞語;最后,在充分理解原文、原題的基礎上確定正確答案。

    當然,這類細節性問題所涉及的面是很廣的。有的涉及數字計算,如問時間、距離、次數、數量等,認真計算后方可選定正確答案;有的涉及正誤判斷, 要先看選項,根據選項提供的線索,尋視文中相應部分,最后在題中選出肯定答案;還有的尋問事實、原因、結果、目的等??傊?,做細節題切忌通過自己對某類知 識的主觀了解和認識做出想像判斷,一定要緊扣文章內容,不可隨心所欲。

    細節類問題的命題方式有以下幾種:

    (1)Which of the following is NOT true according to the information in the passage?

    (2)Which of the following is mentioned in the passage?

    (3)What is the example of . . . as described in the passage?

    (4)The author mentions all of the following except . . .

    (5)The reason for . . .is . . .

    (6)The author states that . . .

    (7)According to the passage, when (where,why,how,who,etc.) ……

    Example :

    Just seven years ago,the Jarvik-7 artificial heart was being cheered as the model of human creativeness. The sight of Barney Clark-alive and conscious after trading his diseased heart for met-al-and-plastic pump -convinced the press,the public and many doctors that the future had arrived. It hadn't. After monitoring production of the Jarvik-7 ,and reviewing its effects on the 150 or so patients (most of whom got the device as a temporary measure)the U. S. Food and Drug Administration concluded that the machine was doing more to endanger lives than to save them. Last week the agency cancelled its earlier approval ,effectively banning(禁止)the device .

    The recall may hurt Symbion Inc. ,maker of the Jarvik-7,but it won't end the request for an artificial heart. One problem with the banned model is that the tubes connecting it to an external power source created a passage infection. Inventors are now working on new devices that would be fully placed,along with a tiny power pack,in the patient’s chest. The first sample products aren't expected for another 10 or 20 years. But some people are already worrying that they'11 work- and that America's overextended healthcare programs Will lose a precious $ 2.5 billion to $ 5 billion a year providing them for a relatively few dying patients. If such expenditures(開支)cut into funding for more basic care,the net effect could actually be a decline in the nation’s health. According to the passage the Jarvik-7 artificial heart proved to be ________.

    A)a technical failure

    B)a technical wonder

    C)a good life-saver

    D)an effective means to treat heart disease

    本題是考核學生根據止下文全面理解和進行正確判斷的能力,問的是本文論述的Jarvik-7人造心臟性能和效果到底如何。文章一開頭說 Jarvik-7是一大技術成就,但文章說到:…the .U.S. Food and Drug Administration concluded that the machine was doing more to endanger lives than to save them (Line -7-9)。后面又提到:Last week the agency canceled its earlier approval,effectively banning the device.這兩句話提供了這個問題的答案。因此,答案:

    The new models of artificial hearts are expected_______.

    A)to have a working life of 10 or 20 years

    B)to be set fully in the patient's chest

    C)to be equipped with an external power source

    D)to create a new passage for infection

    本題是考核正確理解事實細節的能力。選項已的意思與文章中第二段第三句,即“Inventors are now working…in the patient's chest.”的意思符合,因此選項B)是答案。

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