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    您當前所在位置:湖南成人學歷網(自學考試、成人高考)>> 成考資訊>> 復習指導:2019年成人高考(高起點)英語語法歸納與練習(3)

    復習指導:2019年成人高考(高起點)英語語法歸納與練習(3)

    時間:2019年06月11日 來源:www.eezil.com

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    倒裝是指句子成分不是按主語在前、謂語在后的正常語序排列,而是將謂語或謂語的一部分移到主語之前。倒裝是一種修辭手段,目的是為了強調。倒裝 分為部分倒裝和全部倒裝,考試多為部分倒裝??忌鷳莆帐裁辞闆r下需要倒裝,并對倒裝后的句子能夠認出來,避免做題時候的盲目和迷茫。

    一、用全部倒裝的情況

    全部倒裝一般是存在以下列副詞開頭的句子中,全部倒裝的方法是把句子的主謂語序顛倒過來,把謂語移到主語前面:

    1)出于修辭需要,表示方向的副詞:out,down,in ,up,away,on.如:

    Down jumped the burglar from the tenth floor when he heard someone shouted at him.

    Up went the plane

    2)出于習慣用法:here,there,now,thus,hence,then.如:

    Now is your turn. There goes the bell.

    Here is a ticket for you.

    There existed a certain doubt among the students as to the necessity of work.

    注意:here,there用于倒裝結構時主語一般為名詞,如果是人稱代詞則不需要倒裝

    “where is the cup?” “Here it is!”

    Here you are.

    There he comes.

    3)有時主語較長,為了使句子平衡,避免頭重腳輕,主謂要全部倒裝。這種情況多出現在主系表結構中。如:

    Less important than ever is developing a meaningful philosophy of life.

    In between these two extremes are those people who agree with the jury system as a whole, but feel that some changes need to be implemented to improve its effectiveness.

    二、采用部分倒裝情況

    部分倒裝一般是把句子謂語的一部分(主要是助動詞或系動詞)放到句子主語前,構成部分倒裝,而全部倒裝則把句子的謂語(包括實義動詞)都放在主語前:

    1、下列否定詞及含有否定意義的詞組修飾狀語時,若置于句首,句子的主謂要部分倒裝:

    never,no,neither,not only,hardly,scarcely,little,seldom,rarely,not until,nowhere,at no time,on no account,in no respect,in no sense,by no means,in vain,still less.如:

    Not only is its direct attack on their discipline,it bypasses the essence of what sociologists focus on.

    Under no circumstances should we do anything that will benefit ourselves but harm the interests of the state.

    注:1)如果謂語動詞是單個實義動詞,倒裝時需根據人稱和時態加助動詞do.如:

    Little did we expect that he would fulfill his task so rapidly.

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