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    湖南成人學歷本科招生公告
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    復習指導:2019年成人高考(高起點)英語語法歸納與練習

    時間:2019年06月11日 來源:www.eezil.com

    平行結構與比較級

    平行結構很多情況下是由形容詞或副詞的比較級或者暗含比較意味的連詞引導的。如:

    The ideal listener stays both inside and outside the music at the moment it is played and enjoys it almost as much as the composer at the moment he composes.

    大多數情況下平行結構都是具有一定的比較含義的,有的是遞進對比not only…but(also);prefer…to…;rather than有的是同類對比:and ;but;or;both… and…;either…or…;neither…nor………

    平行結構測試時候注意以下幾點:

    1、注意比較結構中相比較的內容在語法形式上是否相同。如:

    It is better to die one's feet than .

    [A]living on one's knees

    [B]live on one's knees

    [C]on one's knees

    [D]to live on one's knees

    (答案為D)

    Despite the temporary difficulties,the manager prefers increasing the output to decreasing it.

    2、其他具有并列或比較意義的短語也可引導平行結構。

    1)rather than,let alone 雖不是并列連詞,但在結構上連接兩個語法形式相同的成分。如:

    We are taught that a business letter should be written in a formal style in a personal style.

    [A]rather than

    [B]other than

    [C]better than

    [D]less than

    (答案為A)

    For the new country to survive,for its people to enjoy prosperity,new economic policies will be required.

    [A]to name a few [B]let alone [C]not to speak [D]let's say

    (答案為B)

    2)如果平行的兩個成分在形式上是介詞短語,而且介詞相同,一般說來第二個介詞不要省略。如:

    At times,more care goes into the composition of newspaper and magazine advertisements than into the writing of the features and editorials.

    ?

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